Identification and Recruitment
The majority of migrant families move together seeking employment in a very uncertain economy affected by supply and demand, climate and other economic and cultural changes. The patterns of migration are well established from home base states in California, Texas or Florida. However, in the process of moving, the children’s schooling suffers the consequences of interruption; thus, presenting enormous and difficult challenges for students to benefit and have full access to the base curriculum, school services and maintenance of successful continuity in education. The secondary students experience not only interruption in curriculum, school services and extra-curricular activities, but also in accruing credits toward high school graduation. The circumstances of the migrant students and their families is not only a local concern but a national concern as they move to new schools, new teachers, different curriculum and textbooks with attempts to create new friends in a new community. It is well understood that mobility contributes to the interruption of the migrant child’s education and this creates unique needs that Migrant Education attempts to meet (U.S. Department of Education).
Identification of Migrant Students
Identification and Recruitment (I&R) is the first step of Migrant Education Program Services at participating school districts. To qualify for Migrant Education Services, a migrant child must have moved within the past three years across state or school district boundaries with a migrant parent or guardian, or member of the child’s immediate family, to seek/obtain temporary or seasonal employment in agricultural, fishing or food processing activity. The child may be in any grade between preschool and twelfth grade and must not be older than 21 (California Handbook for Identification and Recruitment Manual).